Nous sommes face à une transformation du travail. Les nouvelles formes d’emploi (autoentrepreneurs, travailleurs sur plateformes comme les chauffeurs UBER, contrats courts en complémentaire ou en substitution de l’emploi salarié traditionnel) pourraient représenter, au minimum, un quart de l’emploi. Il est urgent de prendre le temps pour réfléchir sur la protection sociale que nous voulons organiser.

Trois options sont envisageables: adapter les statuts existants, créer un statut intermédiaire entre salariat et travail indépendant traditionnel, inventer un statut de l’actif. Plus ...

A y regarder de plus près, le numérique justifie moins cette flexibilité promue par les réformes successives du droit du travail (dont la loi «travail» est le dernier avatar), que le développement et la préservation d’une technicité cruciale pour sa réussite, tant comme branche que comme ressource pour le reste de l’économie. (selon Claude Didry, Sociologue, directeur de recherche au CNRS).

Employment practices that challenge the traditional norm of a full-time permanent job with defined working hours, agreed rights and benefits have steadily increased since the economic crisis in 2007-2008. A growing number of workers do not know in advance when or where they will work. Therefore, national social protection systems, based on the assumption that clear distinctions can be drawn between ‘employed’ and ‘unemployed’ status, are in desperate need of review.

Source: EESC public hearing, entitled the changing nature of employment relationships, the sharing economy, zero-hour contracts and the living wage 

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is interacting with other socio-economic and demographic factors to create a perfect storm of business model change in all industries, resulting in major disruptions to labour markets. New categories of jobs will emerge, partly or wholly displacing others. The skill sets required in both old and new occupations will change in most industries and transform how and where people work. It may also affect female and male workers differently and transform the dynamics of the industry gender gap. The Future of Jobs Report aims to unpack and provide specific information on the relative magnitude of these trends by industry and geography, and on the expected time horizon for their impact to be felt on job functions, employment levels and skills.

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This working paper of the ETUI gives an overview of the new possibilities opened up by the 4th industrial revolution and tackles some specific questions in relation to its effects on the labour market, including on the status of employees, on working conditions and on training. It examines the role that trade unions can play in the digital economy and the main initiatives already proposed at European trade union level in this context.

Partijen en hun middenveld sluiten akkoorden. Dit betekent dat akkoorden worden afgekocht door 'ieder het zijne te geven'.
Jean-Luc Dehaene